Frequently asked questions#

General issues#

How to enable LXD server for remote access?#

By default, the LXD server is not accessible from the network as it only listens on a local Unix socket. You can make LXD available from the network by specifying additional addresses to listen to. This is done with the core.https_address configuration variable.

To see the current server configuration, run:

lxc config show

To set the address to listen to, first find out what addresses are available and then use the config set command on the server:

ip addr
lxc config set core.https_address

Also see Access to the remote API.

When I do a lxc remote add over HTTPS, it asks for a password?#

By default, LXD has no password for security reasons, so you can’t do a remote add this way. To set a password, enter the following command on the host LXD is running on:

lxc config set core.trust_password SECRET

This will set the remote password that you can then use to do lxc remote add.

You can also access the server without setting a password by copying the client certificate (~/.config/lxc/client.crt or ~/snap/lxd/common/config/client.crt for snap users) to the server and adding it with:

lxc config trust add client.crt

See Remote API authentication for detailed information.

Can I bind-mount my home directory in a container?#

Yes. This can be done using a disk device:

lxc config device add container-name home disk source=/home/${USER} path=/home/ubuntu

For unprivileged containers, you will also need one of:

  • Pass shift=true to the lxc config device add call. This depends on shiftfs being supported (see lxc info)

  • raw.idmap entry (see Idmaps for user namespace)

  • Recursive POSIX ACLs placed on your home directory

Either of those can be used to allow the user in the container to have working read/write permissions. When not setting one of those, everything will show up as the overflow UID/GID (65536:65536) and access to anything that’s not world readable will fail.

Privileged containers do not have this issue because all UID/GID in the container are the same as outside. But that’s also the cause of most of the security issues with such privileged containers.

How can I run Docker inside a LXD container?#

To run Docker inside a LXD container, the security.nesting property of the container should be set to true.

lxc config set <container> security.nesting true

Note that LXD containers cannot load kernel modules, so depending on your Docker configuration you might need to have the needed extra kernel modules loaded by the host.

You can do so by setting a comma-separated list of kernel modules that your container needs with:

lxc config set <container> linux.kernel_modules <modules>

We have also received some reports that creating a /.dockerenv file in your container can help Docker ignore some errors it’s getting due to running in a nested environment.

Where does lxc store its configuration?#

The lxc command stores its configuration under ~/.config/lxc or in ~/snap/lxd/common/config for snap users.

Various configuration files are stored in that directory, among which are:

  • client.crt: client certificate (generated on demand)

  • client.key: client key (generated on demand)

  • config.yml: configuration file (info about remotes, aliases, etc)

  • servercerts/: directory with server certificates belonging to remotes

Networking issues#

In a larger Production Environment, it is common to have multiple VLANs and have LXD clients attached directly to those VLANs. Be aware that if you are using netplan and systemd-networkd, you will encounter some bugs that could cause catastrophic issues.

Do not use systemd-networkd with netplan and bridges based on VLANs#

At time of writing (2019-03-05), netplan cannot assign a random MAC address to a bridge attached to a VLAN. It always picks the same MAC address, which causes layer2 issues when you have more than one machine on the same network segment. It also has difficulty creating multiple bridges. Make sure you use network-manager instead. An example configuration is below, with a management address of, and VLAN102 being used for client traffic.

  version: 2
  renderer: NetworkManager
      dhcp4: no
      accept-ra: no
      # This is the 'Management Address'
      addresses: [ ]
        addresses: [, ]
      dhcp4: no
      accept-ra: no
      # A bogus IP address is required to ensure the link state is up
      addresses: [ ]

      accept-ra: no
      dhcp4: no
      id: 102
      link: eth1

      accept-ra: no
      dhcp4: no
      interfaces: [ "vlan102" ]
      # A bogus IP address is required to ensure the link state is up
      addresses: [ ]
        stp: false

Things to note#

  • eth0 is the Management interface, with the default gateway.

  • vlan102 uses eth1.

  • br102 uses vlan102, and has a bogus /32 IP address assigned to it.

The other important thing is to set stp: false, otherwise the bridge will sit in learning state for up to 10 seconds, which is longer than most DHCP requests last. As there is no possibility of cross-connecting and causing loops, this is safe to do.

Beware of port security#

Many switches do not allow MAC address changes, and will either drop traffic with an incorrect MAC or disable the port totally. If you can ping a LXD instance from the host, but are not able to ping it from a different host, this could be the cause. The way to diagnose this is to run a tcpdump on the uplink (in this case, eth1), and you will see either “ARP Who has xx.xx.xx.xx tell yy.yy.yy.yy”, with you sending responses but them not getting acknowledged, or ICMP packets going in and out successfully, but never being received by the other host.

Do not run privileged containers unless necessary#

A privileged container can do things that affect the entire host - for example, it can use things in /sys to reset the network card, which will reset it for the entire host, causing network blips. Almost everything can be run in an unprivileged container, or - in cases of things that require unusual privileges, like wanting to mount NFS file systems inside the container - you might need to use bind mounts.