How to migrate containers from LXC to LXD#

LXD provides a tool (lxc-to-lxd) that you can use to import LXC containers into your LXD server. The LXC containers must exist on the same machine as the LXD server.

The tool analyzes the LXC containers and migrates both their data and their configuration into new LXD containers.

Note

Alternatively, you can use the lxd-migrate tool within a LXC container to migrate it to LXD (see How to import physical or virtual machines to LXD instances). However, this tool does not migrate any of the LXC container configuration.

Get the tool#

If you’re using the snap, the lxc-to-lxd is automatically installed. It is available as lxd.lxc-to-lxd.

Otherwise, make sure that you have go (version 1.18 or later) installed and get the tool with the following command:

go install github.com/lxc/lxd/lxc-to-lxd@latest

Prepare your LXC containers#

You can migrate one container at a time or all of your LXC containers at the same time.

Note

Migrated containers use the same name as the original containers. You cannot migrate containers with a name that already exists as an instance name in LXD.

Therefore, rename any LXC containers that might cause name conflicts before you start the migration process.

Before you start the migration process, stop the LXC containers that you want to migrate.

Start the migration process#

Run sudo lxd.lxc-to-lxd [flags] to migrate the containers. (This command assumes that you are using the snap; otherwise, replace lxd.lxc-to-lxd with lxc-to-lxd, also in the following examples.)

For example, to migrate all containers:

sudo lxd.lxc-to-lxd --all

To migrate only the lxc1 container:

sudo lxd.lxc-to-lxd --containers lxc1

To migrate two containers (lxc1 and lxc2) and use the my-storage storage pool in LXD:

sudo lxd.lxc-to-lxd --containers lxc1,lxc2 --storage my-storage

To test the migration of all containers without actually running it:

sudo lxd.lxc-to-lxd --all --dry-run

To migrate all containers but limit the rsync bandwidth to 5000 KB/s:

sudo lxd.lxc-to-lxd --all --rsync-args --bwlimit=5000

Run sudo lxd.lxc-to-lxd --help to check all available flags.

Note

If you get an error that the linux64 architecture isn’t supported, either update the tool to the latest version or change the architecture in the LXC container configuration from linux64 to either amd64 or x86_64.

Check the configuration#

The tool analyzes the LXC configuration and the configuration of the container (or containers) and migrates as much of the configuration as possible. You will see output similar to the following:

Parsing LXC configuration
Checking for unsupported LXC configuration keys
Checking for existing containers
Checking whether container has already been migrated
Validating whether incomplete AppArmor support is enabled
Validating whether mounting a minimal /dev is enabled
Validating container rootfs
Processing network configuration
Processing storage configuration
Processing environment configuration
Processing container boot configuration
Processing container apparmor configuration
Processing container seccomp configuration
Processing container SELinux configuration
Processing container capabilities configuration
Processing container architecture configuration
Creating container
Transferring container: lxc1: ...
Container 'lxc1' successfully created

After the migration process is complete, you can check and, if necessary, update the configuration in LXD before you start the migrated LXD container.