How to integrate with systemd-resolved#

If the system that runs LXD uses systemd-resolved to perform DNS lookups, you should notify resolved of the domains that LXD can resolve. To do so, add the DNS servers and domains provided by a LXD network bridge to the resolved configuration.

Note

The dns.mode option (see Configuration options) must be set to managed or dynamic if you want to use this feature.

Depending on the configured dns.domain, you might need to disable DNSSEC in resolved to allow for DNS resolution. This can be done through the DNSSEC option in resolved.conf.

Configure resolved#

To add a network bridge to the resolved configuration, specify the DNS addresses and domains for the respective bridge.

DNS address

You can use the IPv4 address, the IPv6 address or both. The address must be specified without the subnet netmask.

To retrieve the IPv4 address for the bridge, use the following command:

lxc network get <network_bridge> ipv4.address

To retrieve the IPv6 address for the bridge, use the following command:

lxc network get <network_bridge> ipv6.address
DNS domain

To retrieve the DNS domain name for the bridge, use the following command:

lxc network get <network_bridge> dns.domain

If this option is not set, the default domain name is lxd.

When specifying the DNS domain, prefix the domain name with ~. The ~ tells resolved to use the respective name server to look up only this domain.

Depending on which shell you use, you might need to include the DNS domain in quotes to prevent the ~ from being expanded.

Use the following commands to configure resolved:

resolvectl dns <network_bridge> <dns_address>
resolvectl domain <network_bridge> <dns_domain>

For example:

resolvectl dns lxdbr0 192.0.2.10
resolvectl domain lxdbr0 '~lxd'

Note

Alternatively, you can use the systemd-resolve command. This command has been deprecated in newer releases of systemd, but it is still provided for backwards compatibility.

systemd-resolve --interface <network_bridge> --set-domain <dns_domain> --set-dns <dns_address>

The resolved configuration persists as long as the bridge exists. You must repeat the commands after each reboot and after LXD is restarted, or make it persistent as described below.

Make the resolved configuration persistent#

You can automate the systemd-resolved DNS configuration, so that it is applied on system start and takes effect when LXD creates the network interface.

To do so, create a systemd unit file named /etc/systemd/system/lxd-dns-<network_bridge>.service with the following content:

[Unit]
Description=LXD per-link DNS configuration for <network_bridge>
BindsTo=sys-subsystem-net-devices-<network_bridge>.device
After=sys-subsystem-net-devices-<network_bridge>.device

[Service]
Type=oneshot
ExecStart=/usr/bin/resolvectl dns <network_bridge> <dns_address>
ExecStart=/usr/bin/resolvectl domain <network_bridge> <dns_domain>
ExecStopPost=/usr/bin/resolvectl revert <network_bridge>
RemainAfterExit=yes

[Install]
WantedBy=sys-subsystem-net-devices-<network_bridge>.device

Replace <network_bridge> in the file name and content with the name of your bridge (for example, lxdbr0). Also replace <dns_address> and <dns_domain> as described in Configure resolved.

Then enable and start the service with the following commands:

sudo systemctl daemon-reload
sudo systemctl enable --now lxd-dns-<network_bridge>

If the respective bridge already exists (because LXD is already running), you can use the following command to check that the new service has started:

sudo systemctl status lxd-dns-<network_bridge>.service

You should see output similar to the following:

‚óŹ lxd-dns-lxdbr0.service - LXD per-link DNS configuration for lxdbr0
     Loaded: loaded (/etc/systemd/system/lxd-dns-lxdbr0.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
     Active: inactive (dead) since Mon 2021-06-14 17:03:12 BST; 1min 2s ago
    Process: 9433 ExecStart=/usr/bin/resolvectl dns lxdbr0 n.n.n.n (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
    Process: 9434 ExecStart=/usr/bin/resolvectl domain lxdbr0 ~lxd (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
   Main PID: 9434 (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)

To check that resolved has applied the settings, use resolvectl status <network_bridge>:

Link 6 (lxdbr0)
      Current Scopes: DNS
DefaultRoute setting: no
       LLMNR setting: yes
MulticastDNS setting: no
  DNSOverTLS setting: no
      DNSSEC setting: no
    DNSSEC supported: no
  Current DNS Server: n.n.n.n
         DNS Servers: n.n.n.n
          DNS Domain: ~lxd